Annotating Relation Inference in Context via Question Answering. Omer Levy and Ido Dagan. ACL 2016. [pdf] [supplementary] [slides] We convert the inference task to one of simple factoid question answering, allowing us to easily scale up to 16,000 high-quality examples. Code The code used to extract assertions and create the dataset is available here. Data […]

Learning to Exploit Structured Resources for Lexical Inference. Vered Shwartz, Omer Levy, Ido Dagan and Jacob Goldberger. CoNLL 2015. [pdf] [supplementary] This paper presents a supervised framework for automatically selecting an optimized subset of resource relations for a given target inference task. Our approach enables the use of large-scale knowledge resources, thus providing a rich […]

A Simple Word Embedding Model for Lexical Substitution. Oren Melamud, Omer Levy, and Ido Dagan. VSM Workshop 2015. [pdf] We propose a simple model for lexical substitution, which is based on the popular skip-gram word embedding model. The novelty of our approach is in leveraging explicitly the context embeddings generated within the skip-gram model, which […]

Improving Distributional Similarity with Lessons Learned from Word Embeddings. Omer Levy, Yoav Goldberg, and Ido Dagan. TACL 2015. [pdf] [errata] [slides] We reveal that much of the performance gains of word embeddings are due to certain system design choices and hyperparameter optimizations, rather than the embedding algorithms themselves. Code The word representations used in this […]

Do Supervised Distributional Methods Really Learn Lexical Inference Relations? Omer Levy, Steffen Remus, Chris Biemann, and Ido Dagan. Short paper in NAACL 2015. [pdf] [slides] Distributional representations of words have been recently used in supervised settings for recognizing lexical inference relations between word pairs, such as hypernymy and entailment. We investigate a collection of these […]

Neural Word Embeddings as Implicit Matrix Factorization. Omer Levy and Yoav Goldberg. NIPS 2014. [pdf] We analyze skip-gram with negative-sampling (SGNS), a word embedding method introduced by Mikolov et al., and show that it is implicitly factorizing a word-context matrix, whose cells are the pointwise mutual information (PMI) of the respective word and context pairs, […]

Proposition Knowledge Graphs. Gabriel Stanovsky, Omer Levy, and Ido Dagan. AHA! Workshop 2014. [pdf] This position paper proposes a novel representation for Information Discovery — Proposition Knowledge Graphs. These extend the Open IE paradigm by representing semantic inter-proposition relations in a traversable graph. . . . . .